How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

A Step-by-Step Guide to Using a Fire Extinguisher
September 4, 2023 by
How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

A fire extinguisher is a portable device that can be used to extinguish a fire. It contains an extinguishing agent, such as water, foam, powder, or carbon dioxide, that is released under pressure. Fire extinguishers are classified by the type of fire they are designed to extinguish.

The most common types of fire extinguishers are:

  • Type A: For ordinary combustibles, such as wood, paper, and cloth.
  • Type B: For flammable liquids, such as gasoline and oil.
  • Type C: For electrical fires.
  • Type D: For flammable metals, such as magnesium and titanium.
  • Type K: For cooking media fires, such as grease and oil.

It is important to choose the correct type of fire extinguisher for the type of fire you are trying to extinguish.

To use a fire extinguisher, follow these steps:

  1. Pull the pin. This will release the locking mechanism and allow you to discharge the extinguisher.
  2. Aim low. Point the nozzle at the base of the fire.
  3. Squeeze the lever. This will release the extinguishing agent.
  4. Sweep from side to side. Move the nozzle from side to side to cover the entire fire.

Continue to discharge the extinguisher until the fire is out.

Here are some safety tips to keep in mind when using a fire extinguisher:

  • Stand at a safe distance from the fire.
  • Do not aim the nozzle at yourself or others.
  • Do not use a fire extinguisher if you are not sure how to use it.
  • Evacuate the area if the fire is too large or if you are not able to extinguish it.

It is important to have a fire extinguisher in your home or workplace. By knowing how to properly use a fire extinguisher, you can help to prevent a small fire from becoming a major disaster.

Here are some additional tips for using a fire extinguisher:

  • Read the instructions on the fire extinguisher before using it.
  • Test the fire extinguisher regularly to make sure it is working properly.
  • Keep the fire extinguisher in a cool, dry place.
  • Replace the fire extinguisher every 12 years, or sooner if it is damaged.

By following these tips, you can help to ensure that your fire extinguisher is ready to use when you need it.